Wednesday, 15 August 2012

Kala Pahad -- The Destroyer of Hinduism!!!


Kala Pahad : 
                     Kalpahad means 'black mountain'. This Kalapahad was a blck character in the history of Orissa & the Hindus. He was a brahmin, changed his religion, started destroying all the religion places of Hindus.A General of Bengal Governor Suleiman Kirrani, named Kalachand Roy or Kala Pahad fell in love with the daughter of kirrani and got married on the condition that he converted to Islam. But repentance came who wanted to come back to Hinduism. For this he came to Puri to convert himself again to Hinduism-but the orthodox pandas of Puri Jagannath temple refused him to accept as Hindu In tune with the dictates of this new faith, he now believed that idol worship was a heathen activity, and went about destroying all Hindu idols in the region and embraced the new faith with the passion of the convert.

He invaded Orissa in 1568 and marched up to Puri. Kaala Pahaad wanted to burn the idols of Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra and Goddess Subhadra, and in one of his attacks on the temple at Puri he did succeed in wrenching the idols from the temple. He threw the idols unceremoniously on the street and kicked them around a bit before carting them all the way to the banks of Hooghly and set fire to them. However, the ’brahmapinda’ or the core saligram stone (considered a sacred stone that is alive) had been removed from the idols beforehand by the priests who had anticipated the attack and had been hidden at Sonpur. When the priests of Lingaraj temple at Bhubaneswar apprehended his attack they filled the sanctum sanctorum with husk. Kala Pahad tried his best to take it out, but in the end set fire to the dump. After he left, the priests put the fire out, but by then the sivalingam had cracked and been disfigured. (src :- nilachakra.org)

After the defeat in the Battle of Tribeni, Sulaiman Karrani was forced to make peace. He realized that he would never be able to conquer Bhurishrestha unless he could defeat Rajiv Lochan Ray in the battlefield, which was next to impossible. So he invited him to his palace and trapped him into a love affair with his daughter. He offered Rajiv Lochan Ray to convert to Islam to which he offered to convert his daughter toHinduism and marry her. However, King Gajapati Mukunda Deva was opposed to such a matrimonial alliance and wrongly decreed that conversion to Hinduism was illegal. Enraged, Rajiv Lochan Rayconverted and married Karrani's daughter taking the name of Kalapahad (Black Hill - the destroyer). He led Karrani's revenge over Mukundadeva and attacked Odisha. He defeated Mukundadeva and sacked major towns and religious places of Orissa including Hijli , Cuttack , Jajpur , Sambalpur , Konark,Ekamrakhsetra,Puri etc. in 1568 (src wiki)

odia kabita on Kalapahad :- 

1> Bhalaa ramachandi bhalaa re, kalapahadaku duare basei bhalaa pani aani galaa re

2> Aaila kalapahada, bhangila luhara bada, peeila mahanadira pani; suvarna thali re heda (Hira?) parasile mukunda devanka rani


History of Kala Pahad in Odisha:-

                         Islam first arrived in the Eastern Indian state of Orissa in the 16th century after the invasion of a Brahman named Kala Paharh, and a Hindu convert to Islam, a vassal of Suleiman Kirrani the Sultanate of Bengal, after defeat and death of Raja Mukund Dev of Cuttack in 1568 CE. Suleiman Kirrani was the Governor of Bengal appointed by Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great. Kirrani was invited by Raja Mukund Dev to defeat Raja Ramchandra Bhanja the Gajapati King of Orissa, his arch enemy. (src wiki)
Relation of  Kala Pahada with Samaleswari temple :- 

                   It is said that in 16th century Kala Pahad, the general of the King of Bengal, attacked Orissa and defeated and killed the last Hindu emperor, Gajapati Mukunda Dev, in the 16th century. He ravaged some of the famous temples of Midnapore, the Khirachora Gopinath temple of Balasore, the Khiching temple of Mayurbhanj, the temples of Konark Bhubaneswar, Puri, Jajpur & Cuttack. Then he attacked Sambalpur. Myth says that he had his camp along with his soldiers here in a ground.It is said that, Goddess Samleswari, after whom Sambalpur city is named as Sambalpur, came in the form of a woman selling butter milk. This, they purchased , drank & died. He was buried right there and a 'tomb' was built . 
The legend goes that Kala Pahad was defeated due to Maa Samaleswari. Kala Pahad's tomb and those of his soldiers are located on the outskirts of Sambalpur. (src wiki)

Relation of Kala Pahada with Madal Panji :- 
Madala Panji language is Oriya and was recorded in Oriya and Telugu script, preserved in the Manuscript Library in Madras, which speaks about the story regarding image of Nila Madhaba or Lord Jagannath of Udra desa, as Orissa was known in Middle Ages. It seems to have re-written during 16th century when the king of Khurda had newly installed the images after destruction made by Kalapahad,Muslim general of Nawab of Bangal( authenticity needs citation ). (src wiki)
History with konark :-
                     The most popular theory about the root of the fall of Konark temple rests with the Kalapahad. According to the history of Orissa, Kalapahad invaded Orissa in 1508. He destroyed Konark temple, as well as a number of Hindu temples in Orissa. The Madala Panji of Puri Jagannath temple describes how Kalapahad attacked Orissa in 1568. Including Konark temple, he broke most of the images in most of the Hindu temples in Orissa. Though it was impossible to break the Sun temple of Konark, the stone walls of which are of 20 feet (6.1 m) to 25 feet (7.6 m) thick, he somehow managed to displace theDadhinauti (Arch stone) and thus made a way for the temple to collapse. He also broke most of the images and other side temples of Konark. Due to displacement of the Dadhinauti, the temple gradually collapsed and the roof of the Mukasala was also damaged, due to the stones falling down from the temple top.

Consequently, Orissa came under Muslim control in 1568. There were attempts to destroy the Hindu temples. The Pandas of Puri, to save the sanctity of the Puri temple, took away the Jagannath from the temple and kept the image in a secret place. Similarly, it is said that the Pandas of Konark took away the presiding deity of the Sun temple and buried it under the sand for years. Latter on the image was said to have been removed to Puri and kept in the temple of Indra, in the compound of the Puri Jagannath temple. According to others, the Puja image of the Konark temple is yet to be discovered. But others hold the view that the Sun image now kept in the National Museum of Delhi was the presiding deity of the Konark Sun temple.
However, the Sun worship in the Konark temple was ended upon the removal of the image from the temple. This resulted in the end of pilgrimages to Konark. The port at Konark was also closed, due to pirate attacks. Konark was as glorious a city for Sun worship as it was for commercial activities, but after the cessation of these activities, Konark became deserted and was left to be enveloped by a dense forest over the years.
In 1626, the then king of Khurda (now a district in Orissa), Raja Narasimha Dev, son of Purusottam Dev, took away the Sun image to Puri along with two other moving deities - Sun and Moon. Now they are found in a temple in the compound of Puri Jagannath temple.
It is recorded in the Madala Panji of Puri temple that in 1028, Raja Narasimha Dev ordered measurements to be taken of all the temples at Konark. At the time of measurement, the Sun temple was in existence up to its Amalak sila, i.e. about 200 feet (61 m) in height. Kalapahad had only destroyed its Kalas, the crowning stone and the Padma-Dhwaja, the lotus finial and the upper portions.
As described earlier there was a big block of stone called Navagraha Paata placed in front of the Mukhasala. The then king of Khurda removed the block. The king had taken away many sculptured stones from Konark and constructed some portions of Puri temple with them. During Maratha's time the outer compound wall of the Puri temple was constructed of stones from Konark temple.
It is reported that among all the temples the Naata Mandir or the Dancing hall of Konark was in its original form for the longest period, and that it was broken intentionally since it was considered an unnecessary structure during the Maratha administration.
In the year 1779, a Maratha Sadhu had taken away the Aruna Khumba (Pillar) from Konark and put it in front of the Lion's Gate of Puri Jagannath temple. Thus by the end of 18th century, Konark lost all its glories and had been turned to a dense forest. In course of time, the temple area thus became devoid of people, covered with dense forest, filled with sand, overrun by wild animals and became the abode of pirates. It is said that even the locals feared to go to Konark in broad daylight.
All these theories with the detailed explanations are given in Pt. Sada Shiv Rathsharma's book titled Sun Temple of Konark, which initiated further research works on the Konark Temple thereby fetching him the Padmashree award and perhaps the first for an Oriya. All further writings have been a subset of this book and no other theory has been proposed. (src :- wiki)

History With Paika Bidroha :-
      He was a commander of "paika sena " of king of Khurda.......he married sister of muslim king and cheated Raja of khurda and defeated him....... he was awarded with gold and license to collect land taxes frm farmers .... one day he wanted to visit Lord Jagannath but was denied entry into temple of puri...... he got provoked and tried to burn lord jagannath once.... he also destroyed every hindu temple fr the same reason.
History with Ladu Baba , Shiva Temple , Saranakula , Nayagarh , Odisha -
      He tried to enter the Ladu baba Shiva temple of Nayagarh District (ବାଘୁଆ ନୟାଗଡ) but so many snake came n he didn't able to enter the mukhashala ... after that he had given lots of property to the temple management .... Even same history in Lingaraj temple ...

History with Urgatara :-
The left side of the image is the present Gaja Laxmi Temple which is destroyed by Kala Pahada, very nearChilika lake was flowing at that time, fisher man were always target a hill which is named Hatia Pahaad for returning there home, after down from their boat they first worship Maa Gaja Laxmi. Maa Ugra Tara temple is near about 1 km from this place. Kala Pahada when enter Orissa to destroy this temple, they thought Laxmi Temple is the real Ugra Tara Temple, so they destroy completely, Idol is already taken by some local priest. as per image there is one well found in front of present temple, still now also some evidence as stone recovering.
There is real no history about when & how Ugra Tara deities is placed. Maa is placed at Mulijhara Garda, where one water fountain is always flowing. mean time of attack Kala Pahad they loot Tara Temple too & kill localSamantara king too. after long long year this place was untouched & plants grown fully.
at Maa cocks sacrifice thing is still continue, story behind of that near Kandha Nayagarh is there, local king of that place always offer cocks & other bird at Maa, after long worshiping Puri Gajapati King acknowledge about this place, he send some of priests & solders from Virabhadrapur Village (near Puri) to serve Maa Ugra Tara. he gave land & home to stay now this village is named Gopinathpur. this place was fully packed with jungle at that time. (src :-ugratara.org)
This Minakhi temple was Destroyed  by Kala pahar too 



Sunday, 12 August 2012

PINDIKI BAHUBALENDRA- Khordha Gada ra Bira putra!!

PINDIKI BAHUBALENDRA- Khordha Gada ra Bira putra!! The Great freedom fighter of Odisha (earlier orissa)


During 1817 the British attacked Khurda Dynasty and the Fort of Raja on the foot of Barunei hills was stomed and razed to the ground “Khordha” is the last freedom fort of India to come under the British rule. The British followed a new revenue system which infuriated the “Paikas” (the warriors) who enjoyed the land in lieu of their services were asked to pay rent and taxes at the same rate as cultivators. At the same time t
he British also introduced salt monopoly which give birth the Paika Bidroha , guerilla Paika fighters of Orissa fought and stopped British invasion further inside Orissa. Britishers planned a strategy to look for local informers who can inform them about the hide outs and strategies of native patriot Guerilla fighters. A local person named Charan Patnaik pinned Britishers about hide outs of freedom fighters of Orissa and thus britishers could storm the hideout and killed patriotic gladiators of Orissa Buxi Jagabandhu, Madhab Ch. Routray, Dal Behera, Krutibas Pattasani, Pindiki Bahubalendra. Thus the Paika Bidroh (Rebellion), the last hope for an independent Orissa was completely stamped out in September, 1818. because of this (italic lines) local people punished Charan Patnaik by burning him alive in the midnight at the place near to jatni (got from Rabi Mishra).

The failure of Paika Bidroh was due to betray by Charan Pattnaik, Mdhhu Pattnaik, Dhrubajaya Harichandan(betray Pindiki Bahubalendra), Ogal Singh, Bhagabar Jagadev Biraban. In return these informers turncoat traitors had got a land in reward back from Britishers. Till today this land property for which they are not paying tax is being recognized by people as Beiman Nimak Haram Jagiri.

Src :- The First Indian War of Independence: Freedom Movement in Orissa, 1804-1825 By P.k.pattanaik n nichalachakra.org